1) What is cystic acne and how does it differ from other forms of acne?
When sebum becomes trapped in follicles beneath the skin, bacteria can increase which subsequently becomes infected creating a cyst of infection leading to cystic acne. The pressure of this built up sebum can cause cell walls to breakdown leading to the infection to spread sideways underneath your skin. Cystic acne is different from other acne as it often triggered by hormonal changes such as puberty, however it can also be triggered by some hormonal treatments, your environment and much more.
2) What’s the best way to deal with cystic acne?
Never try to squeeze the cyst as this will increase the likelihood of infection spreading through the deeper tissues. Cystic acne requires consultation with your doctor and often the administration of antibiotic treatment. This can be in the form of oral and/or topical antibiotic application. If hormones are a contributing factor for females, the introduction of contraceptive pill can often stabilise or regulate hormone levels and further assist in the reduction of cystic acne.
3) How long does it take to clear up?
This will vary person to person as there are a number of contributing factors and treatment options available. Symptoms can progressively be managed and effectively improved over a period of months or sometimes years.
4) What are some important preventative measures you can make?
It’s impossible to know if you are going to get cystic acne, but once you have it prevention can include regular advanced skin treatments such aimed at reducing the size of the sebaceous glands which will in turn reduce the production of sebum. Treatments can include microdermabrasion, medi-aesthetic peels and Fractional RF treatments available from The Cosmetic Clinic.
5) What skincare products do you recommend using/are there any cosmetic products to avoid?
At The Cosmetic Clinic we recommend a home care plan using an active skin care range such as Institut. Every client will need required individual assessment and consultation to ensure that they are using the correct products for their individual needs. The use of ingredients such as AHA’s and retinol are common.
6) The biggest mistake people make with cystic acne?
- Not seeking medical advice from their GP or specialist.
- Squeezing and spreading the infection.
- Incorrect skin product use.
- Incorrect use of harmful substances that affect the hormone levels within the body.
For more advice on advance skin treatments and active skin products for all of your skins and acne needs, The Cosmetic Clinic offers a complimentary consultation to all new clients.